Interior Shutters Buying Basics

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Window shutters add a nice touch to a home’s exterior. In other parts of the world, especially Europe and the Caribbean, shutters serve a functional purpose. They cover windows by night or in bad weather to keep out bad weather or cold air. By day they are pushed open from the inside and secured in place to let daylight and the sun’s warmth into a home. This is especially important in communities where the majority of residents lack central heating or air conditioning.

But…

Guest post today from Active Paving – expert Dublin patio installers for many years.

shutters, window shutters

Window shutters add a nice touch to a home’s exterior. In other parts of the world, especially Europe and the Caribbean, shutters serve a functional purpose. They cover windows by night or in bad weather to keep out bad weather or cold air. By day they are pushed open from the inside and secured in place to let daylight and the sun’s warmth into a home. This is especially important in communities where the majority of residents lack central heating or air conditioning.

But in many industrialized nations, housing includes shutters more as accent pieces or adornments than as functional window covers. Shutters may cover the home’s largest windows, the windows on the front side of the house, the windows on the sides as well as the front, or every window in the home.

Shutters typically coordinate with a home’s design to bring out a certain style in its appearance. For example, you can get shutters that are rectangular-shaped, or those that come in other forms. Here are some things to consider when selecting shutters for your home.

1. Does the home’s exterior paint or paneling come with matching shutters? If so, consider using these to match the existing design, even if you had the siding done first and now want to add shutters. If not, check with the home supply provider for suggestions about the type of shutters that will go well with your current outdoor siding. You may be able to look at a print or online catalog, or view samples at the store. Some stores provide references of previous customers who have purchased these shutters, and you may be able to talk with them about their level of satisfaction or drive by their homes to have a look.

2. Choose a coordinating design and color. If your home’s siding or finish does not come with matching shutters, check out several possible options before selecting one for your home. Popular styles are made of aluminum and vinyl, along with other materials that are weather-resistant, so find out what’s available, along with the merits of each.

3. Compare styles to find one that suits your home’s design and structure. Some shutters come with two matching panels, while others have four. You can get louvers, but keep in mind these can collect dust and may be difficult to clean. Even when operational shutters are not needed, some people choose to install them for special effect on their homes.

4. Find out all you can about the product’s quality. Ask the sales associate about each product’s durability and lifetime expectancy. Also ask about how to clean various shutter types, and what type of special cleaning substances will be needed, if any. You might also want to know about any particular conditions that afflict certain products. Wood shutters, for instance, may tend to get dry rot, termites, or other wood-associated conditions. Any type of shutter might attract insect nests, and aluminum shutters may be prone to rusting.

What are the best shutters? The best kind are those that are affordable, are easy to install, and offer the greatest protection. Which of these properties is most important depends on individual circumstances. For a disabled or elderly person it may be ease of installation with either an automatic closing mechanism or accordion type shutters. For those with limited incomes plywood shutters may be the only affordable option. For most people the best compromise would be steel panels, which offer good protection, but are certainly more expensive than plywood. The most worthless type of protection is the often employed use of various types of tape over the windows. This practice does little or nothing to prevent breakage, may result in large, more dangerous pieces of flying glass, and is extremely difficult to remove after the storm.

With today’s changing global climate, and the increase of tropical storms frequency, some regions of the world will need to equip themselves with window shutters to prevent damage to their properties.

Installing your new bathroom tiles

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Before laying the bathroom tiles, start by removing your old carpet and carpet strips. Use a cutoff saw to make room for the bathroom tile to slip under the doorjambs.

Guest post today from Active Paving – expert Dublin patio installers for many years.

Bathroom tiles, bathroom tiles

Laying your bathroom tiles with a dynamic flooring pattern or a deep wall color can make the difference as you remodel your bathroom floor. A nice bathroom needs a ceramic tile floor.

Before laying the bathroom tiles, start by removing your old carpet and carpet strips. Use a cutoff saw to make room for the bathroom tile to slip under the doorjambs. Place a portion of the tile pattern starting at the doorway to set up a centerline and then strike a chalk line.

Cut the bathroom tile with a wet saw or tile snips. Work your way up one side of the room and down the other. Allow 1/8″ for grout lines; spacers can be used for consistency. Mix the thinnest using an electric drill with a mixing bit.

Mix small amounts at a time, adding water slowly to maintain the right consistency. Mix enough to lay down a dozen or so bathroom tile at once, and be ready to go to work as the thinnest dries quickly using a trowel to apply the thinnest to the floor.

When the bathroom tiles are all in place and some-what dry, use a grout saw to scrape the excess thinnest out of the joints where the grout will go. A shop van will clean most of this up, but use a wet sponge to get the surface clean. Once dry, begin applying the grout with a rubber trowel.

One more sponge cleaning will be required to get up the film once the bathroom tiles is dried completely. It’s recommended to apply a grout sealer after about 48 hours or so to help avoid any staining problems that occur during normal use.

Installing stairlifts

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Information on installing a domestic stair lift.

Guest post today from Active Paving – expert Dublin patio installers for many years.

stairlifts, stair lift, lifts, installing

Installing a stairlift into the home is a complex and skilled task and should only be tackled by a trained professional who will ensure a correct fit and user safety.

A stairlift basically consists of two elements;

1) The Track -Straight or Curved rail leading up the stairs.
2) The Powered Chair – Comprising of a seat, footrest, armrests and control unit mounted on the track.

Prior to instillation the majority of stair lift companies will complete a survey to evaluate the environment that the stairlift will be fitted prior to confirming the final quotation.

As part of this survey the engineer will assess the condition of the stairs as the track or rail will be secured to it and so will be subject to the weight of stairlift and the user.

If the stairs are sound the first stage of an installation is to lay the track on the side of the stairs which offers the best access and user experience (normally discussed with customer during the site survey). A track is normally fixed to the stairs by using brackets screwed directly into the stair tread (the top of the stair). The track can be supported entirely by brackets or rest on the stairs themselves depending on the make and model. A track is normally supplied by the manufacture in smaller sections which are connected by the engineer to complete the installation.

When the track has been successfully installed the motor is generally installed next and the wiring work is completed.

Finally the seat is simply attached to the track and the motor and the stairlift will be ready for testing by the engineer.

A curved stairlift causes a more intensive installation as the track is required to follow the curves of the wall. Generally curved stairlifts are considerably more expensive to purchase due to increased installation time and more complex engineering required within the product.

A standard straight stairlift can normally be fitted in 1-2 hours depending on specification.

Installing Front PVC Or Vinyl Porch Railings

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Tips and ideas for pvc and vinyl porch railings

Front porch stair railings are everywhere. People use various colors, materials, and styles to create their personal artistic porch railing. The first thing to consider when attempting to create your front porch stair railings is the material you will be working with. There are many different materials to use in porch railings.

PVC or vinyl porch railings are an excellent choice for a number of reasons. First, the railing …

Guest post today from Active Paving – expert Dublin patio installers for many years.

vinyl porch railings,vinyl railing,deck railing ideas, railing design, porch railing ideas,

Tips and ideas for pvc and vinyl porch railings

Front porch stair railings are everywhere. People use various colors, materials, and styles to create their personal artistic porch railing. The first thing to consider when attempting to create your front porch stair railings is the material you will be working with. There are many different materials to use in porch railings.

PVC or vinyl porch railings are an excellent choice for a number of reasons. First, the railing offers a slippage resistance protection, and the material doesn’t splinter so there are no sharp points when it is well fastened. It is an enduring material, and it doesn’t build up heat like other materials, so there is little chance of any serious burns if you touch it on a hot day. PVC offers ultraviolet light resistance, therefore, fading is not a possible issue with this material. It is waterproof and essentially maintenance free. There are a number of color choices with vinyl front porch stair railings, so you can be as creative as you would like to be. Some are even created to look like wood grain, if you are interested in that style.

Another popular material possibility is wood. Wood front porch stair railings offer an excellent classic look that cannot be matched anywhere else in the industry. You can use various types of woods to create different looks. Cedar offers natural preservatives that make it resistant to decay and insects. Even when exposed to extensive moisture, it holds up better than most wood choices. Composite woods also offer front porch stair railings. These offer the beauty of wood without the maintenance problems. Because of their nature, the products are decay, insect, light, and water resistant. Additionally, this type of material will not splinter.

Another possibility for material in creating your front porch stair railings is iron. Iron is pursued as a railing material because of its durability and look. It offers a beautiful substantial look to any home. Iron can be precision manufactured to offer some of the nicest decorative effects in the porch railing industry. Various decorations can be added to the railings. Some even have designs like animals or family crests attached to iron porch railings. Moreover, it is incredibly strong. It will remain standing through the toughest weather and abuse.

Front porch stair railings start with the right material. Only you can choose which material will be best for your front porch stair railing.

Installing Ceramic Tile in a Shower

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Installing ceramic tile in a shower starts with a proper foundation. The foundation consists of WonderBoard or Durock cement board on the walls and a Shower Pan Membrane Liner in the base of the shower, if the shower floor is to be tiled too.

Guest post today from Active Paving – expert Dublin patio installers for many years.

Installing Ceramic Tile, Tile Shower, Shower Pan Membrane Liner, Durock

Installing ceramic tile in a shower starts with a proper foundation. The foundation consists of WonderBoard or Durock cement board on the walls and a Shower Pan Membrane Liner in the base of the shower, if the shower floor is to be tiled too.

WonderBoard or Durock cement board, also known as backerboard, are resistant to water and are ideal materials for applying ceramic tiles to high-moisture areas. Durock can be applied directly to wall studs and ceiling joists using hot-dipped galvanized nails or galvanized wood screws.

Thin-set or an adhesive mortar can be applied directly on the WonderBoard or Durock cement board for attaching the ceramic tiles. However, fiberglass mesh tape should be applied over all seams and smoothed out with a latex thin-set prior to the application of ceramic tiles.

If ceramic tile is desired on the floor of the shower as well, then a shower pan membrane liner should be installed prior to the installation of the WonderBoard or Durock cement board.

The shower pan membrane liner is used to ensure a leak-proof shower. Shower pan membrane liners are used to funnel any water that seeps through the floor or wall grout to the shower drain below. The shower pan membrane liner is made up of a flexible type of plastic material that sits below a bed of mortar, and the tile, in the shower floor area.

Prior to installing the shower pan membrane liner, the floor of the shower needs to be pre-sloped to ensure that the water will flow towards the shower drain assembly. The pre-slope is accomplished by applying a layer of mortar to the floor of the shower unit area. The layer of mortar is troweled in such as way as to create a gentle slope from the shower wall edges to the center of the shower where the drain resides.

Once the pre-slope mortar has cured, the flexible shower pan membrane liner can then be installed. There are a couple of types of shower pan membrane liners on the market, with each having their own benefits. With either type of membrane, the homeowner needs to form and fold the material into the base of the shower area and secure it to the sides of the shower wall frame with staples and/or nails. In addition, an opening in the membrane should be cut out to allow the adjustable shower drain assembly to slip through.

With the shower pan membrane installed, the cementitious ceramic tile backerboard can then be secured to the framed shower walls. The backerboard is a rigid material that is ideal for attaching tile in wet areas such as a shower stall.

After installing the ceramic tile backerboard, a final coat of mortar needs to be applied on top of the shower pan membrane to protect it and to provide a solid base for laying the ceramic floor tile.

With the final coat of mortar cured, the ceramic tile can then be installed in the shower.

Once the tile and grout have been installed, the shower drain assembly should be adjusted so that the drain height sits flush with the finished ceramic tile floor.

For more information on installing a shower pan membrane liner, see the Shower Pan Membrane Liner Installation EBook from HomeAdditionPlus. The Shower Pan Membrane Liner EBook will quickly teach you the step-by-step process for installing the shower pan membrane liner correctly. It includes instructions on framing the shower stall, pouring the pre-slope and shower base mortar, and installing the shower pan membrane liner.

Installing Acoustic Ceiling Tiles

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This article offers a look at acoustic ceiling tiles as an option to change the look in any room in a house or office. It discusses advantages and drawbacks of installing acoustic ceiling tiles.

Guest post today from Active Paving – expert Dublin patio installers for many years.

acoustic ceiling tile, ceiling texuter, acoustic ceilings, suspended ceiling

Installing acoustic ceiling tiles is an option to consider when you have decided to change the type of ceiling you have in your home or office. Acoustic ceilings earn their name from the sound-absorbent properties that “soften” the surface of the ceiling in order to deaden reverberating noise from throughout the room. Not only does this reduce the sound reverberation within the room, but it also helps block sound transmission to other rooms as well. While noise reduction is a major component to acoustic ceilings, it is not the only advantage acoustic ceilings offer. When acoustic ceiling tiles are suspended from the ceiling grid, they are definitely handy for concealing wires and pipes, and also allow easy access to those utilities when a repair or a remodel is needed.

Acoustic ceilings have been seen as a style that went out long ago. But over the years, the acoustic ceiling industry has changed. This style of ceiling is no longer relegated to that boring, plain style of ceiling tiles that were found in department stores or government buildings. These days, acoustic ceilings offer various colors and styles that can bring in a wide variety of options that range from conventional perforated surfaces to textures that look like slate, stucco, or materials with the consistency of corduroy. Ceiling tiles that interlock can create a diverse, elaborate, and decorative pattern that you can be proud of. If you are working with suspended tiles, different edge treatments are obtainable to vary the look of the tiles.

Because of these changes in the industry that offer so many options, now might be the time to replace that old acoustic ceiling that you have been thinking about remodeling. Maybe your family room lets a little too much sound through when the kids are in there being noisy and having fun. Perhaps you have one room in the house that seems to echo. Installing acoustic ceiling tiles can have a big effect on the noise level in that room that echoes.

There are many aspects to consider when choosing the tiles for the room in which you plan to install acoustic ceiling tiles. The first thing you need to decide is on is the type of tiles you will need. Style, texture, and color are things to take into consideration when you are selecting tiles. Besides these aspects, you should also consider the material properties of he tile you are planning to install. Read packaging thoroughly and find out any maintenance that might be required. For example, some tiles can be washed, some can not. If you are looking to paint your tiles, BEWARE! Most tiles are difficult if not impossible to paint properly. The holes that give the tile acoustic properties can not be filled up with paint, or the tile will lose its acoustic ceilings properties. You must also consider the range of sound-deadening capabilities. Some types of acoustic tiles make more of a difference in sound than others. These noise reduction properties all depend on the surface characteristics, as well as the weight and density of the material. The amount of noise reduction is measured by two ratings, NRC (Noise Reduction Coefficient) which is the noise absorbed and the CAC (Ceiling Attenuation Class) which determines how well acoustic tile blocks sound through itself. The best NRC rating is up to 80 percent. The highest CAC rating is 40 to 44.

Tiles that are specified for suspended-grid systems are the most widely used products in the market today. 12-inch interlocking tiles are available, and they offer a stylish almost seamless appearance of the ceiling. A drawback to interlocking ceiling tiles is that once they are up, it is tough to restore the previous ceiling surface. Future ceiling style changes will also be tough, while if using a suspended grid, this is not the case. If it is time to repair a suspended grid, just remove the old tiles and install a new ceiling. Whatever type of acoustic ceiling you decide to install. Just know that the most important thing is to do your homework; research your plan.

Start A Home Based Business Like This Guy!

For most, Silicon Valley is a hotbed of technological productivity, teeming with a sea of startups, each clamoring for the attention of both consumers and venture capitalists. Yet, located some 670 miles northeast from the world’s most infamous birther of global tech behemoths and newly-minted startups, sits a little town in Boise, Idaho, which is now home to one of the hottest SaaS companies in the world. In short, Russell Brunson has become a multi-millionaire!

However, as the virtual doors silently opened to ClickFunnels in 2014 — Russell Brunson’s innovative startup that has been silently revolutionizing the online marketing industry — there wasn’t a single VC in sight. There was no one there to make suggestions on sales strategies or attempt to influence Brunson’s business plan to scale or flesh-out the platform in any shape or manner.

Nope. Not one. Brunson was on his own.

However, ClickFunnels, which was entirely self-funded by Brunson’s Etison, LLC, launched amid a dazzle of emails that sent sizzling sales copy, enticing over 1 million people on his list to join his latest venture. Yes, you heard me. Over one million people. That’s the size of Brunson’s email list. And it’s growing stronger by the day.

Today In: Tech
The competitive advantage that Brunson holds over your average founder is one of deep entrenchment in the internet marketing space. He lives, breathes and feeds off of the analytics, able to meticulously scrutinize sales copy, tightly twist and concoct high-converting offers, and pick apart the resultant traffic until he’s created a proverbial cash machine.

As each cash machine comes online, he adds to an army of money-on-autopilot systems that are constantly enriching his vast and ever-growing digital empire while he sleeps. Yes, this is the stuff of legends. This is what dreams are made of. This is what draws in those reluctant 9-to-5’ers who envision a life lived according to their own means, one beyond all the corporate red-tape and bureaucracies of careerism.

As someone who’s well-versed and deeply embedded in the online marketing space, I’ve been drawn to Brunson’s drawl for some time now. What makes the man so alluring is his ability to be so transparent and his willingness to help those in a crowded space filled with cheerleaders tooting their own horns, trying to pitch you the latest dazzling make-money system or fad weight-loss diet.

In this field filled with one-hit wonders and smoke-and-mirror shows, a person like Brunson stands out. In fact, anyone in any industry who works to add value first and foremost will rise to the top. And that’s precisely what Brunson has always aimed to do — to add value to the lives of entrepreneurs looking to untether the cord from a full-time job that has them at the mercy of their corporate overlords.

The Early Days

Take one quick look at Brunson, and what you’ll discover behind the boyish good looks and youthful demeanor, is a seasoned veteran in the internet marketing industry, able to command an army of wannabe entrepreneurs looking to enter into a space that will allow them to make money online and live a carefree lifestyle that involves the freedom to travel the world, earning an income at their will no matter where they might be on this planet.

I’ll confess. I’ve been drawn into Brunson’s hypnotizing webinars and well-place ads that beckon millions to join and salute his causes. I’ve long heard that voice, which is now a staple on social media sites, even being touted and promoted by the likes of the greats such as Anthony Robbins, Frank Kern and many others.

However, Brunson’s earliest days — we’re talking a decade prior to the time when ClickFunnels even had become a thought in his mind — were wrought with difficulties. He knew he needed to leverage the power of this thing called the internet, but just didn’t know quite how he was going to do it.

In a USA Today and Amazon best-selling book released several years back entitled, Dot Com Secrets, Brunson broke down his earliest frustrations with these so-called internet businesses. He had always been fascinated with advertisements, and he would intensively study all the sales copy on ads that would arrive through direct mail at his home and on late-night infomercials, to understand how the best offers were structured.

He was a tinker. Always trying to figure things out. But in one of his earliest businesses, Brunson explains to me that things didn’t go quite as planned. Back in 2002, while still attending Boise State, and as a married newlywed, Brunson’s desires to make money online led him to launching a business that landed him in hot water.

At the time, pagers were the big thing. Everyone had a pager. Which got Brunson thinking. He decided to build a DIY screen projector for the wall. The parts cost him $10 and he knew he could sell it for $40. He printed out a bunch of flyers and started placing them on cars with his brother until campus security caught him and shut down his venture.

However, it had worked. His pager was ringing off the hook. Each time it went off, he knew he had made another $40. That got him thinking further. Why not create a small booklet that would teach people how they could make $40 every time their pager rang? The lightbulbs were going off in his mind and he knew he had a bright idea.

He decided to print out 10 copies at his local Kinko’s and he created a small website with a little PayPal purchase button. Then, in order to reach out to the masses, he picked up a DVD of one million “spam-free” email addresses and crafted an email to sell his guide on how anyone could make $40 every time their page went off. He thought it was brilliant.

The night before he sent out his massive email blast, back when dial-up modems were still commonplace, Brunson told his wife not to worry about anything. They were going to be rich. And he assured his wife that she was going to be able to quit her job and that all their money problems would be solved. Before going to bed, he setup the system and the emails started going off one by one. It ran the entire night.

In the morning, his wife needed to make a phone call, so he needed to disconnect the internet since it was run over the phone. As soon as it was disconnected his phone rang. It was his ISP. The man on the other end was screaming at Brunson, telling him about all the complaints they had received and they had tracked those emails to his internet account.

Brunson swore they were spam-free email addresses. But that didn’t matter. His internet was effectively cut off, leaving him crippled and unable to get back online. He couldn’t check his email or do anything on the internet. Brunson slipped into a depression and told his wife not to quit her day job just yet.

Later that day, he headed to the library to check his messages. Little did he know that his experiment had worked. Although his ISP shut down his account, there were 30 orders for his booklet and money sitting in his PayPal account. That’s when Brunson knew he was onto something.

Installing a New Shower Unit

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A successful shower installation requires careful planning and a lot of work. In most cases, you will need to do three types of tasks: framing walls, installing the plumbing, and finishing walls.

Guest post today from Active Paving – expert Dublin patio installers for many years.

plumbing, faucets, water supply, piping, shower, boiler, hot water, fittings

A successful shower installation requires careful planning and a lot of work. In most cases, you will need to do three types of tasks: framing walls, installing the plumbing, and finishing walls.

Preparation

Firstly, you must decide on the type of shower that you wish to install. It is important to ascertain whether the chosen shower is capable of coping with certain systems and can regulate a safe level of water through the boiler. Most shower units nowadays are designed to be flexible to different water pressures (such as stored hot water and cold mains).

It is also important to take into account the water pressure and the planning of the piping and drainage for the shower

Different Types of Shower Units

Push-on Mixer: The hose and spray parts of the push-on mixer shower unit can be connected to the bath tap as per your requirement, and the water temperature can be adjusted via the taps. Push-on mixers are cheap and extremely simple to install. However, although the hose connection is simple, it is easily dislodged. Additionally, it is inconvenient to adjust the temperature.

Bath/Shower Mixer: The hose and spray of this type of shower are combined with a bath mixer tap, and the temperature can be adjusted through the bath taps. It is a very cheap option and no extra plumbing is involved. However, the bath/shower mixers also suffer from inconvenient temperature control options.

Manual Mixer: The hose and spray of a manual mixer shower unit are a part of the wall unit and the hot and cold water supplies are connected to a single valve The temperature and pressure of the water are controlled through either one or a variety of knobs (in more expensive showers). Although temperature control is much easier in manual mixer types, they are more expensive than the previously mentioned mixers. They also require additional plumbing of hot and cold water supply pipes.

Thermostatic Mixer: The hose and spray of this shower type are a part of the wall unit and the hot and cold water supplies are connected to a single valve here too. It is complete with a built-in stabiliser to self-adjust the water temperature and to prevent it from becoming too hot. One of the biggest advantages of a thermostatic mixer shower type includes convenient temperature control. However, it is the most expensive of the different mixer options.

Power Shower: A power shower is a single unit containing a powerful electric pump that is capable of altering both the water pressure and temperature. This type of shower can be fitted if there is water supply from a cold water cistern and a hot water cylinder. A power shower makes the adjustment of both pressure and temperature easy. On the other hand, it is unsuitable for water heated directly by the shower or where the water is supplied by a combination boiler under mains pressure.

Electric Shower: An electric shower is plumbed into a mains cold water supply and it heats the water electrically. It is important to note that for this shower type to be installed, the mains pressure needs to be at least 0.7kg/sq cm (10lb/sq in). The unit allows the temperature and pressure to be adjusted via a knob. Models with temperature stabilisers are better as they remain unaffected by other taps elsewhere in use within the household. A major drawback of electric showers is that the control knob only allows for the option of high temperatures at less pressure, or lower temperatures at a greater pressure. This is problematic in the winter season when the spray is often weak and the mains water is colder. However, this problem is tackled in some models which are available with a winter/summer setting.

Method
Depending on the type of shower you wish to install, the shower head must either be fitted in order to avoid its contact with the water in the bath below or the base tray, or it must have a check valve.

Before starting, it is advisable to mark the positions of the shower head and control, and to plan the pipe-work involved. Additionally, the drainage system to remove the waste water will need to be planned. Both positions of the cable route and the shower switch will also need to be considered if an instantaneous or electric shower unit is being installed.

Use the instruction guide provided with the shower unit to fit the shower control.

Before fitting the pipes that will supply the water to the shower system, it is important to cut off the water supply. In order to protect the pipes, they should be given a waterproof covering and also fitted with isolating valves. The pipes can then be buried into the wall and plastered over to neaten the overall look.

Fit the base tray, shower head, and fittings.

Connect the main shower control to the pipes that will be supplying the water (This may require a female screw thread adapter).

Reconnect the water supply and test the pipes for any leaks, as some may need tightening.

If you are installing an electrical shower, remember to switch off the electricity supply before making any electrical connections. Once these connections have been made (there should be guidance within the instruction manual), the power supply can be switched back on.

Adjusting Water Pressure to Suit Your Shower

The cold water reservoir can be lifted to a greater height (sometimes as little as 150mm (6inches)) by fitting a strong wooden support beneath it – possibly composed of struts and blockboards. If you choose this option, the main and distribution pipes will also have to be raised to meet the new height of the reservoir.

Alternatively, a booster pump (a single pump or a dual/twin pump) can be fitted. Whichever type is chosen, it must be connected into the power supply in order to operate.

Piping and Drainage

It is best to use 15mm diameter supply pipes, and make the runs to the shower as short and straight as possible so as to maintain maximum pressure and minimise heat loss. Additionally, by minimising the use of elbows for pipe corners, you can decrease the resistance in the flow of the water supply. You can achieve this by bending the pipes instead.

Most Common s

# Violating or ignoring local code restrictions.

# Using pipes that are too small.

# Attaching copper to galvanized without using a brass or dielectric fitting between the two.

# Not using tape or pipe compound at threaded joints.

# Not leveling your fixtures when installing them.

# Not installing an air gap filling for fixtures.

# Cutting supply stub outs too short to install the shutoff valves onto after the finished wall is in place.

# Not properly aligning tubing into fittings or stop valves. (Forcing the nut onto the compression ring at an angle when the tubing is at an angle will cause a leak.)

# When turning the water back on in your home, always run the outside hose valve or flush your toilets to bleed dirt and air from the lines. This debris can cause problems in your sink faucets and other plumbing trim.

Information Regarding Roofing Permits

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Roofing permits have been introduced and have become much more stringent in a lot of states to ensure that you are having a suitable roof fitted to your house that will stand up to a reasonable amount of bad weather.

Guest post today from Active Paving – expert Dublin patio installers for many years.

Roofing Permits, Roofing Permits, building permits, building permit

When considering any building work to your property it is always important to consider whether building permits are required for that particular work. Without the applicable building permits it is quite possible that the new extension, the new garage or the new roof are not legal. You may be required by county or state law to remove the building work or pay a fairly hefty fine. The state buildings department usually conducts the issuing of roofing permits and any other building permits and your builder or contractor will have more accurate details of the permits you might require and how to go about getting one. You should consult with a contractor first because this can save a lot of time and potential heartache at a later date.

Why is it necessary to have roofing permits?

Roofing permits have been introduced and have become much more stringent in a lot of states to ensure that you are having a suitable roof fitted to your house that will stand up to a reasonable amount of bad weather. The roof on your house is the one thing that protects the inside of the home, the contents and the occupants from serious injury or damage in the event of storms or other prevailing weather conditions so it is important that you have the correct roofing installed to prevent this damage. Roofing permits are granted fairly easily as long as you meet these conditions.

When might I require building permits?

If you are having repairs done to your existing roof it is very unlikely that any roofing permits will be required because you are not changing the layout or the structure of your building in anyway. However, if you are having an extra layer of shingles added to your roof then you should check whether you need roofing permits to complete this project. Also, if you are having an entirely new roof fitted you will definitely need to consult your contractor and ask whether you should obtain roofing permits.

Different states have different regulations.

Unfortunately, we cannot tell you the roofing permits you will require for your new roof because they differ from one state to the next. This is why it is so important that you do the research and find out for yourself. What could be correct for one person could be completely incorrect for the next person. Try contacting your local council or government and enquiring with them. Tell them that you are thinking of having a new roof fitted and you want to make sure that you are getting the correct roofing permits; they will be able to help you.

The roof on your house is your first line of defense and is a vital barrier in protecting you and the contents of your home against the elements. There will unfortunately come a time in the life of every roof when repairs become pointless and you are essentially forced to purchase a new roof. When this time does arrive you are better spending as much as you can afford on getting the best roof with the longest life. When you ask for a quote from a roofing contractor try to get an idea of the roofing permits that will be required for the work you want done because without the appropriate ones you could find yourself in a lot of trouble.

Information On The Different Types Of Cleaning Soaps Sold In Todays Cleaning And Janitorial Markets.

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There are many different types of cleaning soaps, each designed for a specific use. Here is some information on the different types of cleaning soaps sold in todays cleaning and janitorial markets.

Guest post today from Active Paving – expert Dublin patio installers for many years.

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Laundry soaps – These soaps are generally thought of as mild soaps used for lifting soil, grease and organic compounds from an assortment of fabrics. Laundry detergents are formulated to work under varying conditions. Laundry detergents come in powders, liquids and gels and can work in all water temperatures. Laundry detergents are most effective when used in warm or hot water especially when removing grease or heavy soil.

Kitchen soaps – The two main types of kitchen soaps are dish detergents and cleansers. Dish detergents are formulated to cut through grease, suspend the soil particles in the foam and leave a no residue shine. Hand dishwashing detergents are made to work at lower temperatures and usually have more grease removing capacity by producing more foam. Machine dishwasher detergents are formulated to produce less foam and work at higher temperatures. Often other agents are added to the formula to provide a no residue rinse in the final dishwashing cycle. Cleansers contain mild abrasives that help remove stubborn stains and heavy soil. Some cleansers are more abrasive than others the mildest being cream cleansers to the harshest being powdered cleansers.

Personal soaps – There are many types of personal soaps sold in today’s market. From the basic to the extravagant every soap seems to contain its own unique properties specially formulated for every particular need. Antibacterial soaps are formulated to stop the spread of bacteria and viruses by adding broad spectrum antimicrobial agents such as chloroxylenol (PCMX). Chloroxylenol kills up to 99.9% of all bacteria that can make you sick. Regular personal detergent soaps are designed to lift soil from the skin by suspending particles in the foam. Some personal detergent soaps contain lotions and extracts to add moisture to the skin that the detergents take out. Hair and body soaps are a multi-purpose blend that works on hair just as well as it cleans skin making them a great candidate for fitness clubs and schools.

Cleaning soaps – These soaps are made for cleaning soils and grease. Cleaning soaps come in light to heavy duty formulations and are great at removing soils and grease without having to use harsh abrasives.

Industrial soaps – Industrial soaps are formulated for specific tasks. They are commonly used for car washes, auto centers, and production line cleanup. These soaps usually come in 55 gal drums or large containers and are connected to pressure cleaning systems.